The H-1B visa is a non-immigrant visa and the US green card is an immigrant visa. Many people go to the US on the H-1B visa but ultimately settle there after getting the US green card. H-1B visa workers get an employment-based green card.
If you are planning to apply for the US green card, here are some things that will you get started with it:
1. PERM labor certification
The prerequisite for applying for an immigrant visa is getting a PERM labor certification. To get the PERM labor certification, you have to fulfill certain requirements. Once you receive it, your employer will have to file for an immigration visa for you.
2. Adjustment of status
There aren?t much steps in the process, but each process takes a lot of time. Once you get the immigrant visa, your employer has to apply for an adjustment of status of your visa. In this step, the employer requests the government to transfer your non-immigrant visa to permanent residency visa.
3. Personal interview
Before 2017, you didn?t need to appear for a personal interview. Trump government made it compulsory for every employment-based permanent residency visa applicant to give a personal interview. There is nothing serious about the personal interview. The officers only want to verify all information as mentioned in the petition. It has made the process very efficient and quickens it as well. Soon, the USCIS will start including personal interviews in other categories as well.
The USCIS started interviewing people October 1 2017 onwards. The questions are pretty general, though no one knows yet what the officials have actually asked. Most H-1B experts feel that the personal interview will be very similar to the one they ask at the US Consulate. After three years being on the US green card, you can apply for US citizenship.
The H1B to Green Card Process
The duration of the H1B visa is a total of six years including a renewal. So if you have the intention of staying in the USA for longer, you need to apply for a permanent residency or a Green Card. You need to remember that this application can only be forwarded by a sponsoring employer for a change of status of the employee from H1B to Green Card. Most workers in the technical field will fall under EB1, EB2, and EB3 employment-based Green Card categories.
This is a step by step process and is explained below.
PERM Labor Certification: