Exploring Canada: How many Provinces Does Canada Have?

Recently, Canada has become a dream for immigrants, work, tourism, entertainment, exploration and other aspects of life. The beauty, nature of its people, phenomenal culture, diversity, and opportunities make it a sought-after place. It is no surprise that a lot of people are exploring how many provinces Canada has.

Canada is the second-largest country by land mass after Russia, so it makes sense that some people need clarity about its provinces and territories.

1. How many Provinces does Canada Have?

Canada has ten central provinces minus the territories as described below

1.1. Quebec

Have you heard of the most photographed hotel in the world? If not, Quebec is home to a grand monument: Chateau Frontenac. This hotel is good to look at, offers the finest world-class experience, and is rich in history.

Quebec is the largest province by area in Canada. Its official language is French. Quebec City is the capital, and Montreal is the most popular city.

The province shares its borders to the west with Ontario, Newfoundland, and Labrador to the northeast, the United States in the south, southeast with New Brunswick, and shares a coastal border with Nunavut.

The economy is supported by the service and industry sector

1.2. Ontario

Ontario is home to Beautiful Niagra Falls, one of the tallest towers in the world, and four great lakes. One has not experienced Canada if they have not been to Ontario, the second-largest province after Quebec by land area.

Ontario is Canada’s famous and spectacular province. It is located in east central Canada, bordering Manitoba to the west, Hudson and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the northeast, and the United States to the south.

Ottawa is the capital of Magnificent Ontario, while Toronto is the most popular city in the province. Both cities harbor an eclectic blend of culture, language, and lifestyle.

The economy is based on manufacturing, and agriculture is a significant sector. The province is also known for Parliament Hill’s Victorian architecture and the national gallery.

1.3. Nova Scotia

One of the three maritime provinces in Canada and one of the four Atlantic provinces, Nova Scotia is the only place on earth that produces the phenomenon of tidal bay wine and is home to the most photographed lighthouse in the world, PPeggy’sCove lighthouse.

Halifax is Nova’s capital, one of the most essential Canadian commercial ports, and the world’s deepest and largest ice-free port.

Nova Scotia is the Latin word for new Scotland. Novascotia is the country’s second most densely populated province and the second smallest after Prince Edward Island.

The province is surrounded by four water bodies Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Gulf of St Lawrence to the north, the Gulf of Maine to the southwest, and the Bay of fundy to the west.

The natives of Nova Scotia are English speakers. The province has over 1000 lakes known for having fossil-bearing rock formations.

1.4. Manitoba

Manitoba is the fifth most popular province. It is home to government seats, the legislative assembly, and an international airport. The province has a wide range of landscape features, including lakes, mountains, grassland, forests, and the Hudson Bay coastline in the north. Winnipeg is the capital of the province.

Manitoba borders Ontario to the east and Saskatchewa to the west. Most wilderness is protected in Manitoba, which is known for its polar bear population. The north coast of Manitoba is known for a variety of marine species.

1.5. New Brunswick

New Brunswick is famous for its laid-back lifestyle when it comes to settlement. It is the largest maritime province in Canada. New Brunswick was formerly part of Nova Scotia, and in 1784, it became an independent province.

New Brunswick province has over 60 lighthouses, making it stand out among other Canadian provinces. It is known for its inland lighthouse system, which marks its inland rivers.

The province is bordered in the north by Quebec and in the east by Nova Scotia. The capital of New Brunswick is Fredericton, while the largest and popular cities are Moncton and Saint John.

The official languages in the province are French and English—most residents of New Brunswick work in the primary industry.

1.6. British Columbia

In the western part of Canada lies the beautiful province of British Columbia. It is internationally known for its extraordinary natural beauty, defined by its Pacific coastline and magnificent mountain ranges. It is also known as the province with the highest living standard.

The province borders Alberta in the east, north territories Yukon in the north, and the United States in the south.

Victoria City is the province’s capital, even though Vancouver is its largest and most sought-after city. Vancouver is the third largest metropolitan area in Canada. The province is one of the most diverse, filled with people and lifestyles from all over the globe.

British Colombia gets most of its revenue from its tourism success. In addition, more revenue comes from the fact that it is the country’s third-largest producer of hydroelectricity and the second-largest producer of natural gas.

1.7. Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island offers gorgeous red sand beaches, golf, seafood lighthouses, and all that is beautiful about the seas.

The island is a maritime province of Canada located north of Halifax in the Gulf of St Lawrence. It is the only province in Canada that is purely an island.

The island has many names, such as Garden of the Gulf, the cradle of Confederation, and the birthplace of Confederation. Prince Edward’sland is the smallest province in Canada yet significantly populated, especially in its capital, Charlottetown.

The primary economic activity is farming, and 23 percent of Canada’s Potatoes come from this island. Other major financial activities include tourism and fishery. Prince Edward Island is known for world-class seafood, from freshly prepared lobsters to mussels.

1.8. Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan is one of Canada’s two landlocked provinces. Its southern part borders the United States and is covered with grassland, while its northern part is filled with rugged rocks, rivers, and mountains.

Due to its geographical position, most of the state’s settlers are in the southern part. The state capital is Regina, home to the Royal Saskatchewan Museum, which exhibits the history of Canadian First Nations.

Saskatchewan leads in agricultural produce, the province produces, a third of durum wheat in the world and is on the top chart of lentils and dry peas transportation, above all, it is the fifth largest oil producer in America.

When it comes to standards of living, Saskatchewan might be the best place for people who are trying to stretch their budget. Housing or renting is affordable for most people, and the standard of living is lower than most Canadian provinces. There are also many employment opportunities.

1.9. Alberta

In the western part of Canada lies Alberta, bordering Saskatchewan in the east and British Columbia in the west, while in the south, it borders Montana in the United States and on the north bordering northwest territories.

Albert is landlocked like Saskatchewan, and it is one of the three Prairie provinces in Canada. Alberta has over 600 lakes, mineral deposits, and rocky mountains with glaciers, prairies, and coniferous forests.

Alberta’s Capital is Edmonton, while its largest city is Calgary. Most of the province’s population is based in these two places. Since 1947, the gas and oil resource industry has been the central economic backbone of Alberta.

Alberta is famous for its beautiful landscape and is home to six UNESCO heritage sites. It is a female given name in honor of Queen Victoria’s daughter, Princess Louise Caroline Alberta.

1.10. Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland is Canada’s Eastern province. It is known for its cliffs, waterfalls, and glacier fjords. The strait of Belle Isle divides the province into two parts: Labrador, which is connected to Canada’s Mainland, and Newfoundland, an island in the Atlantic Ocean.

The province includes other 7000 islands. Forty percent of the population lives in the capital, St John, Canada’s 22nd largest metropolitan city. The province brings synergy between the old and the new modern world.

St John is one of the oldest towns in North America and is filled with many modern touches, making music, art, and culture more colorful and vibrant.

Are you a foodie? Then why don’t you check out The top 16 Best-Themed Restaurants in Toronto, Canada.

2. Canadian Territories and Provinces

Canada has ten provinces and three territories, although a large population often uses these two interchangeably.

Canada Geography/Canada Country

2.1. Canadian Territories

The difference between a province and a territory in Canada is that a province is a creation of the constitutional act of April 1982, while a territory is a creation of federal law.

That brings up the fact that the federal government of Canada has direct and total control over the three Canadian territories: the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut.

Final overview

The outstanding and admirable thing about Canada is that wonder will never end there. All the provinces are full of sound and beautiful things, breathtaking scenery, and opportunities for people to establish and elevate themselves differently. Canada is no doubt an accepting, warm place for everyone, regardless of race, gender, background, and so forth.

Last Updated on by Rajeshwari_Das


  • Oge

    Oge is a passionate content writer and a physiotherapist in the making who aspires to bring creativity to life and add more spice to daily activities, helping you discover things head-on before your eyes meet them.

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