1. Prothonotary Warbler
2. Citrine Wagtail
Motacilla citreola is also known as a citrine wagtail. It is a small bird in the Motacillidae family. It is one of those Canadian birds that cannot be spotted very often in the country. Citrine means yellowish color. The name of the bird thus tells us a lot about the color of the bird, yellow.
3. Henslow’s Sparrow
Henslow’s sparrow is a small bird that breeds in wet and shrubby fields. John James Audubon named it in honor of John Stevens Henslow. It belonged to the passerelle family. These birds have a brownish color. They generally have a crown-like structure on their heads. Initially, these birds were classified as a part of Emberiza [genus]. They were known as Henlow’s bunting in those days.
4. Snow Goose
As the name suggests, a snow goose is a beautiful white bird and is explicitly found in North America and British Columbia. It is one of the uncommon birds of Canada. The scientific name of snow goose is Anser caerulescens. A snow goose generally has a length of 22-33 inches and has a wingspan of about 4.5 feet! They have a strong, short bill.
These precious snow-colored birds are known for their white plumage. However, a wide variety of snow geese have been noticed to have darker colors. When this difference was first found, scientists declared that they were different species. Later, these two types of birds had distinctive colors yet belonged to the same species.
A unique feature of these pretty birds is that they are an indicator of the changing seasons. They fly towards the south during wintertime. Their flocks are recognized due to the shape V. They have a completely vegetarian diet. Grains are an essential part of their diet.
5. Cackling Goose
The cackling goose is a bird that belongs to the genus Branta of black geese. It is the next on the list of the occasionally spotted Canadian birds. These birds have a remarkable resemblance to the Canadian geese.
Cackling geese lay 2-8 eggs per year with an average 25-28 days incubation period. This bird species is said to have several subspecies. They include the small cackling goose, Moffitt Canada goose, and dusky Canada goose. Aleutian cackling goose is also a sub-species. A cackling goose is a small bird that has a triangular-shaped body. It has a triangular, short bill. Cackling geese are frequently spotted in British Columbia.
6. Barnacle Goose
The next among the rare Canadian birds are the Branta leucopsis. It is also known as the Barnacle goose. Barnacle geese belong to the Branta genus of black geese. They are recognizable due to their black plumage.
These birds are medium-sized birds. They are generally 55-70 centimeters long and have a wingspan of 130-145 centimeters’. The face and the belly of an average barnacle goose are usually white, and a part of the head is black.
7. Trumpeter Swan
The Cygnus buccinator or trumpeter swan is the heaviest North American bird. It is one of the rarely spotted Canadian birds. These trumpeter swans can be recognized due to their white plumage and have a huge wingspan.
The breeding habitats of these Canadian birds are shallow ponds and serene lakes. They are also found in wide and slow rivers, marshes, and intact wetlands. These birds fly in a V-shaped flock and are non-migratory.
8. Blue Jay
The blue jay is a passerine bird in the family of Corvidae. It is one of the beautiful Canadian birds that are occasionally spotted. There are four recognized subspecies of the blue jay. These birds breed in both deciduous and coniferous forests.
The blue jay is a bird that mainly feeds on nuts and seeds. Besides, small vertebrates might also be a part of their diet at times. These birds build an open nest on trees, and both genders do this nest construction.
A blue jay lays 2-7 eggs, bluish or light brown, and can commonly be recognized by the brown spots. The children of a blue jay generally remain with their parents for 1-2 months.
9. Ring-Necked Duck
The Aythya collaris is also known as the ring-necked duck. is a diving duck found in freshwater ponds and lakes and is one of the infrequent Canadian birds. The scientific name of this duck has originated from a Greek word. It is mentioned in books by authors like Aristotle and is referred to as an unidentified seabird.
10. Surf Scote
The Melanitta perspicillata, surf scoter, is a huge sea duck. It is a rare Canadian bird. These birds generally breed in Canada and Alaska.
The male surf scoters are black and have some white patches on their body. The patches are found on their nape and head. The females are slightly browner. The female looks like a small bird. Mussels and benthic invertebrates are the essential parts of their diet. Scoters generally migrate to places with a temperate environment. It is suitable for them in the winter season.
These Canadian birds usually have a vulnerable period during July or August. That is when they shed their flight feathers and become flightless. Before the shedding of the flight wings, they undergo a complete body molt. This week’s phase of the year lasts for around four weeks. During this time, the vivid colors of their body gradually get replaced with dull colors.
11. Black-Capped Chickadee
12. Northern Cardinal
13. Downy Woodpeckers
Downy woodpeckers are the smallest woodpecker species in North America. They are very similar to hairy woodpeckers. Downy woodpeckers have a white underside. The back is black with white spots on the feathers. Downy woodpeckers are known for their short pik-call. They produce drumming sounds as they peck into trees.
14. Bald Eagle
The Bald Eagle is the national bird of the United States of America. The Bald Eagle actually has a white head. It has a bright yellow beak and brown feathers. The toes of the Bald Eagle have large talons. It is mainly found in the United States, Canada, and Alaska.
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