Moriane Lake, Banff, Canada Moriane Lake, Banff, Canada

Banff: Visit the Highest Town in Canada

Everyone is aware of Canada’s rich landscape and diverse topography. Banff, a picturesque town located above sea level, adds to its beauty.

It is famous for being identified as a resort town where travellers or tourists worldwide enjoy its beauty and nature. Its wide and rocky mountain ranges with hot springs, adventure sports, and rich flora and fauna make it a traveller’s paradise.

Here are a few details about Banff to help you understand its settlements, demography, geography, and other aspects. They will also help you retain information on what to expect from the place on your next visit. 

1. Overview of Banff

Banff is the highest town in Canada, with beautiful terrain and mountain ranges. According to its official site, the city is 4,600 feet above sea level. The townsite covers an area of 3.93 square kilometres, as determined by federal law. In 1984, the members of the United Nations, amazed by its beauty, included it and adjacent areas of the Canadian Rockies as part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Banff National Park is the third national park refuge in the world, established in 1885. It is also part of Canada’s oldest national park. Banff’s official site mentions that it comprises a 6,641 sq km area, with 96% of the park surrounded by wilderness. The area is home to several species of plants and animals, which makes it a particular area to explore.      


2. Geography of Banff

Banff is in the province of Alberta in Canada. It is surrounded by several rugged mountains with alpine peaks, which present a beautiful landscape. According to Banff’s official site, it is located 128 km from Calgary in the west and 401 km from Edmonton in the southwest corner. The soil of Banff is calcareous and poorly drained, so the area is very sandy loamy to clay loam.    

Map of Banff National Park
Source: Banff, AB

3. Climate of Banff

A report by Parks Canada informs there are wide variations in climate in Banff.

July is the warmest month, with an average high of 22℃. January remains the coldest month in the area, with an average lowest of -15℃. Thus, Banff experiences both extremes of climate. So, people visiting the place must be aware of their outfits according to the season and their expectations of adventurous experiences.

Climate details in Banff
Source: Parks Canada

The temperature in all the areas within Banff may not be the same. This is because 200 m of elevation leads to a 1℃ rise in temperature. So, the mountains may appear more relaxed than the slopes. It would be best if you made adjustments accordingly while exploring the area.

4. Demographics in Banff

Banff’s official site mentions it is a small town with a population of 8305, as recorded in 2021. This is an increase of 5.8% in the city’s population since 2016. A total of 3,287 private dwellings support the city’s population.

In the population of Banff, people 25-29 years of age (1,045) are the highest compared to people of other age groups. This indicates that young people are highly present in Banff. Further, 3,880 people living in Banff are married or living in. This suggests that a significant part of the population in Banff is already living with their partners.

5. Best Places to Visit in Banff

Nature’s beauty lies in its openness to embrace all, and you will be astonished by how it is presented in Banff. Here are a few attractions in Banff that you must visit. 

5.1. Mount Rundle

Mount Rundle is located immediately south of Banff and offers accessible climbing opportunities to tourists or travellers. This is because its location near the townsite with a small mountain range makes it easier to explore than others.  

Mount Rundle | One of the most famous mountains in Banff Alberta

5.2. Bow Falls

Bow Falls has a mesmerizing view with its pristine water flowing down the mountain. It is located on the Bow River before it merges with Spray River. The exact location of Bow Falls would be near the Banff Spring Hotel.  

Banff Walking Bow Falls Trail along Bow River to Bow Falls 4k

5.3. Mount Norquay

Mount Norquay is located within Banff National Park. Its top elevation is 6,998 feet, and its base elevation is 5,348 feet. In the winter months, this place is heaven for beginner skiers and snowboarders. It is better than the Banff Gondola ride and should be on your list of places to explore in the highest town in Canada.   

BANFF MT NORQUAY Mountain Resort Guide SkiBig3 Alberta Canada | Snowboard Traveler

5.4. Lake Minnewanka

The Cascade River flows east of the Cascade Mountains, creating the lake. Lake Minnewanka makes you feel like you are standing out of your dream near the bluish waters surrounded by mountain ranges.  

Lake Minnewanka | Banff National Park | Alberta, Canada | Travel Alberta | StepHenz Vlogs

5.5. Lake Louise and Moraine

Lake Louise is connected with the help of the Trans-Canada Highway. It is regarded as a wild outpost of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which currently offers one of the finest hiking spots with a skiing facility.


Lake Moraine is often regarded as more beautiful than Lake Louise. This is due to the clear turquoise water surrounding the Valley of Ten Peaks. This lake offers a forest stroll to climb the Rockpile and take breathtaking photos to cherish your visit to Banff forever. But the lake is only visited in summer, as during winter, it remains frozen, during which you cannot love its true beauty.

Moraine Lake in Banff National Park, Rocky Mountains - Alberta, Canada 4K Travel Video

5.6. Vermillion Lakes

Vermillion Lakes are three lakes located west of Banff between the Canadian Pacific Railway tracks and Trans-Canada Highway roads. You can engage in many activities on the lakeside, such as kayaking, paddle boarding, canoeing and wildlife watching. It also offers a breathtaking view of the sunset to relax you.

Vermillion lake , Banff Canada April 2024

6. Conclusion

Banff is a small, picturesque town that stands at the highest level above Canada’s sea level. The townspeople are so friendly you will never feel lost or alone even if you plan to visit the place as a solo travelling experience. The climate is soothing at Banff during the summer to see the place. Further, its geographical location makes it one of the best places to be explored in Canada. So, never give it a miss.

7. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What makes Banff famous?

Banff is famous for its mesmerizing natural beauty presented through rugged mountain slopes and turquoise water lakes. UNESCO also regards it as one of the world’s heritage sites, making it more famous for being visited by people worldwide.

2. What is the best time to visit Banff?

It would be best to visit Banff from July to August as the lakes are unfreezed then, and the climate is soothing.

3. At what altitude, Banff is located?

Banff is 5,200 feet above sea level, making it one of the highest towns in Canada.      

Last Updated on by Khushahal Malakar


  • Anindita

    An avid writer who have written content about academic and website article on various niches such as management, health, travel and others. I am here to share some of those content to help you get through all the queries about various topic raised in everyday life.

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