A democracy is a society that is based upon the anvils of law and order. A court of justice is entrusted with the responsibility of upholding justice in its jurisdiction. It also carries the responsibility to check the legality of the laws drawn up by the executive and legislative bodies of government. Ontario Court of Justice is the place where the law is at work in Ontario. You can note that the Judiciary of Canada is independent of the country’s internal politics and the province. Judicial officials act freely with the sole motive of providing justice to the people of Canada.
Jurisdiction Of The Ontario Court Of Justice
Ontario court of justice is the provincial court of Ontario. A provincial court can be understood as a lower court with limited jurisdiction. Such courts are common in the province of Ontario and other similar provinces and territories of Canada. The courthouse aims to serve the reach of justice to the common people in any far-flanged area of the county, village, or town in Canada. The Ontario court of justice sits at more than 200 sites in the province of Ontario.
The court of previously known as the Ontario court. The court got its present name in the year 1999.
Structure of The Ontario Court of Justice
The Court of Ontario combines both the Superior court of justice and the Ontario court of justice. Above both two, there is the Court of Appeal for Ontario.
The Ontario court of justice is inferior or a subordinate of the Superior court. The essence of this relationship between the superior court and the inferior court is that any decision made by the Ontario courts is subject to the scrutiny of the superior court. The parties in the case can appeal to the superior court if they are not satisfied with the Ontario court of justice rulings.
The authority and jurisdiction of the courts make it responsible for the hearings in matters about family law, criminal law, and other provincial offenses.
Family Law Cases
Under family law, the Ontario court of justice makes hearings on child matters. It hears matters regarding child custody, support, and access. The power of the Ontario court of justice in this regard is limited if these issues had been part of the divorce application. A judge hears proceedings of family law cases of the court. Any appeal originating from the court proceedings of a family matter case has to be heard by the superior court of justice.
Criminal Law Cases
The Ontario law of justice deals with the majority of criminal cases in the Ontario province of Canada. It also carries responsibilities about matters related to other aspects of criminal law. The court often initiates preliminary inquiries to judge the importance of the case. The court of Justice also conducts court proceedings in authorizing search warrants, bail hearings, and issuance of peace bonds. The criminal law cases of the Ontario court of justice are as per sections 515 and 810 of the Criminal Code.
Functioning Of The Ontario Court Of Justice
The Ontario Court Of Justice has 248 judges and 345 justices of the peace. The court has concluded hearings on millions of provincial offenses and more than many family law proceedings. It also passes judgment on matters of criminal law offenses.
The Ontario court of justice has made more than 25,000 successful hearings in matters of family law. These issues include custody and the protection of the child. They also include adoption issues, access, and guardianship of the child. These hearings in the courthouses of Canada also decide the financial assistance of the child.
The Ontario court of justice acts at a fixed site in every major district of Ontario. The judge, the lawyer, the counsel, the parties, and other court users to the case need to reach the location of the courthouse for their in-person appearance in the case. A person’s appearance is usually customary in the proceedings of the Ontario court of justice.
The Ontario Ministry of Justice selects the justices of the Ontario court of justice. These appointments are based on the recommendations of the judicial appointments advisory committee.
Chief Justice Of The Ontario Court Of Justice
The president of the Ontario Court of Justice is formally called the chief justice. The Lieutenant Governor makes his appointment of the province. A provincial judge can be installed to the position of the province’s chief justice on the advice of the Attorney General of Ontario.
The chief justice of the Ontario court of justice commands respect by virtue of their position. The position of the chief justice is created as a nodal person in the administration of the court. Who oversees and regulates the proceedings of the courthouse sessions. This constitutional office assigns the position to other judges in Ontario. The Chief Justice runs the administration of courts in Ontario.
Associate Chief Justice of the Ontario Court of Justice
Associate Chief Justice of the Ontario Court of Justice is the deputy to the Chief Justice. If the Chief Justice is outside Ontario or on leave or unable to act due to any circumstance, the Associate Chief Justice performs all his official duties, and the court continues.
The appointment of an associate Chief Justice is on the recommendation of the Attorney General of Ontario. The Ontario Ministry of Justice also plays a crucial part in their appointment. The Associate Chief Justice has a single term of six years.
Associate Chief Justice-Co ordinator to Justices Of The Peace
Similar to the Associate Chief Justice, an Associate Chief Justice-Co ordinator to Justices Of Peace is appointed by the Lieutenant Governor on the advice of the Attorney General of Ontario. The Attorney General is, in turn, advised by the judicial appointments advisory committee.
The Associate chief justice-Co ordinator to justices of the peace is tasked with the Ontario native justice of the peace program. The Coordinator of justices of peace has a single term of a six-year period.
Regional Senior Justice
The province of Ontario in Canada is divided into seven different regions for ease in judicial administration. These regions have their regional senior judge and regional senior justice of the peace.
Their appointment is made by the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario on the advice of the Attorney General of Ontario, who is advised by the judicial appointments advisory committee.
The term of the regional senior justice is for three years. The regional senior justice and the coordinator work together to supervise the justices of the peace in Ontario.
Functioning Of The Courts In Covid Period
The Ontario Court Of Justice has made public health and its top priority. The Ontario court of justice is concerned about the well-being of all its court users like judicial officials, lawyers, counsel, and all the parties to the case. The health and safety measures are put in place to ensure meaningful access to justice for every Ontario citizen.
The most important among all the health and safety measures were to limit in-person appearance hearings in the courthouse. In-person appearance sessions are limited to urgent or severe crimes. The route to justice was made digital, enabling even remote proceedings. This digital route to justice was instrumental in ensuring meaningful access to justice while keeping health and safety measures in mind.
Remote proceedings of the court are made meaningful through the use of an electronic device like a laptop or phone. They help to ensure meaningful access to justice at doorsteps in every county, town, city, and village of Ontario. Both preliminary inquiries and main hearings can be conducted through remote proceedings. The widespread reach of remote proceedings technology in Canada makes it easy to ensure meaningful access to justice.
The Ontario court of justice encourages all judicial officials and parties to attend remote proceedings. A lawyer or counsel can guide you to do the same to ensure meaningful access to justice. For further information, you can visit their official website.
Superior Court Of Justice
The Superior Court of Justice ranks higher than the Ontario Court of Justice in terms of authority. They hear all civil cases and severe cases under the criminal laws of Canada.
The Superior court of justice has 242 judges and has nearly 250,000 court proceedings. This court of justice commands respect and authority. The Superior court of justice also hears appeals and reviews against government laws and launches preliminary inquiries in criminal cases.
There are 51 locations in Ontario where the Superior court of justice sits. Out of these 51, 17 court sites hear family matters like adoption, divorce, custody, and family property.
Small Claims Court
There is a small claims court which is very helpful in providing a platform for meaningful access to parties that can bring or defend civil matters. The court of justice hears claims for not more than 25,000 Canadian dollars in terms of money or property.
Court Of Appeal For Ontario
The court of appeal for Ontario supersedes both the Ontario court of justice and the Superior court of justice. The court hears appellate cases from both and judges the correctness of their decisions. The court has 22 judges.
The judicial system and administration of Ontario are robust. The judicial officials ensure meaningful access to justice for the citizens of Ontario. The Ontario court of justice plays an important part in this process, apart from the Superior court of justice and the Court of appeal for Ontario.