Canada has five significant and notable rivers: the Mackenzie, the Yukon, the St. Lawrence, the Columbia, and the Saskatchewan. Saskatchewan’s river stretches for about 550 miles, from the point where the North and South Saskatchewan Rivers meet, to Lake Winnipeg. It goes almost entirely east across the Saskatchewan Delta and Manitoba before draining into Lake Winnipeg.
The Saskatchewan River basin has been home to local people for over 10,000 years, and the river served as a significant east-west conduit.
1. North Saskatchewan River
The drainage area of the North Saskatchewan River is 47,400 square miles and 800 miles long.
A glacier-fed river, the North Saskatchewan River travels from the Canadian Rocky Mountains continental divide east to the heart of Saskatchewan, where it merges with the South Saskatchewan River to form the Saskatchewan River. The Hudson Bay eventually receives its water flow through the Nelson River.
2. Battle River
The drainage area of the Battle River is 11,700 square miles and 350 miles long.
Battle Lake in west-central Alberta, to the east of Winfield, is where the Battle River originates. In Saskatchewan, the river meanders through Alberta until emptying into the North Saskatchewan River in Battleford.
3. South Saskatchewan River
The drainage area of the South Saskatchewan River is 129,700 square miles and 1205 miles long.
The Bow Rivers and Oldman Rivers junction in southern Alberta serves as the river’s starting point, and the Saskatchewan River Forks in central Saskatchewan serves as its ending point.
The North and South Saskatchewan Rivers meet at the Saskatchewan River Forks, which marks the start of the Saskatchewan River. Later, the Red Deer River and the South Saskatchewan River combine not far from Empress, Alberta.
In Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, there is a historic University Bridge built in 1916 that crosses the South Saskatchewan River.
4. Churchill River
The drainage area of the Churchill River is 108,600 square miles and 1000 miles long.
The Canadian Shield covers the entire area where the river is located. Several lakes in Central-East Alberta are part of the drainage basin, and they all drain into a chain of lakes in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Following the Manitoba-Saskatchewan boundary, the Reindeer River, which originates in Wollaston and Reindeer Lakes, contributes significantly to the Churchill River’s flow.
5. Beaver River
The Beaver River is 305 miles long.
A significant river in east-central Alberta and central Saskatchewan is the Beaver River. Before abruptly turning north to enter Lac Île-à-la-Crosse on the Churchill River, which drains into Hudson Bay, it passes through Saskatchewan and Alberta.
6. Fond Du Lac River
The drainage area of the Fond du Lac River is 25,800 square miles and 172 miles long.
In the northern Canadian province of Saskatchewan, the Fond du Lac River is one of the most elevated portions of the Mackenzie River that empties into the Arctic Ocean.
On Wollaston Lake, at Cunning Bay, the river starts at an elevation. The tributary Waterfound River enters Waterfound Bay from the left as it runs north towards Hatchet Lake.
The river travels farther north to Kosdaw Lake, over Redbank Falls to Otter Lake, Manitou Falls, the Brink Rapids, and the Brassy Rapids before the Hawkrock River enters from the left.
The Perch River is taken in from the right as it continues through the Hawkrock and North Rapids. The Fond du Lac River continues to run over Perch Rapids, catches the Porcupine River coming from the right, crosses Burr Falls, and then flows into Black Lake.
The word “swift flowing river” (kisiskciwani-spiy) is derived from the Cree language, which gives both the river and the province of Saskatchewan their names. As discussed above, these rivers in Saskatchewan is home to many fish species.