canadian animals canadian animals

Maple Menagerie: Uncover 15 Fascinating Canadian Animals You Need to Know

More frequently than not, hockey, the bitter cold, and maple syrup are associated with Canada, but the nation also has many animals.

It is home to various magnificent species and animals exclusive to the Great White North. Canadian animals are unique; moreover, it is home to about 80,000 animal species. 

1. Beluga Whale

One of Canada’s most iconic whale species is the beluga, whose upturned mouth smiles and its pearly white skin. Most of the world’s beluga population, around two-thirds, spends the summer in Canadian waters. Small populations of belugas from the St. Lawrence Estuary and other Ice Age survivors can be found further south. 

However, the Beluga whale is one of the top Canadian animals. Because of the chirps, clicks, whistles, and squeals, they make to navigate the ocean and communicate with other belugas. 

These highly sociable creatures are also called the canary of the sea. They are social creatures and typically hunt in organized packs. The animals in a pod are very gregarious and frequently chase and brush against one another as if they were playing or fighting. They can be observed continually playing, vocalizing, and swimming around one another in captivity. 

Individuals often dive and emerge in time with one another, a behavior is known as milling. In one instance, one whale popped bubbles as the other blew bubbles. 

Beluga whales have also reportedly been mimicking and copying one another, much like in a game of Simon Says.

1.1 How rare is a beluga whale?

Beluga whales are classified as near threatened on the Red List of Threatened Species maintained by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. More than 150,000 people live on the planet, and most places have a fairly evenly distributed population.

Whale at Vancouver Aquarium
Source: DepositPhotos

2. Beaver

The beaver is the giant rodent in North America and one of Canada’s most beautiful creatures. Beavers can easily bite through tree branches and trunks because of their strong jaws, chisel-sharp incisor teeth, and characteristic flat tail. 

Beavers have gained the title of nature’s engines due to their high productivity and crucial contribution to the health of freshwater ecosystems. Canada’s most giant rodents, beavers, might be able to get a seat on the lowest denomination of currency, but given how smart they are, they might want to push for promotion. 

They hack down trees with their teeth to construct dams and create calm water regions to build lodges where they reside with their families—these clever little jerks.

2.1 Are beavers friendly to humans?

Do Beavers Harasse People? A beaver will attack a human if it is trapped or cornered. If left alone, beavers are not hazardous. They will, nonetheless, defend their position and repel the danger.

3. Moose

canadian animals
Photo by Shivam Kumar on Unsplash/Copyright 2019

The most notable member of the deer family, the moose, can grow to a height of 1.8 meters from shoulder to weight and hoof between 360 and 725 kilograms. 

Typically, more significant than females, males called bulls are distinguished by their enormous antlers, which can reach a length of 1.5 meters. 

Because of their immense strength and ability to traverse practically any terrain, moose are a common species in Canada’s boreal forests and marshes. Moose can dive many meters to eat vegetation at the bottom of lakes, thanks to their exceptional swimming abilities. However, moose is one of the top Canadian animals.

Moose meat served as a staple of the diet of the Indigenous Peoples of Canada for years, and they frequently dried it up to eat it through those long, harsh Canadian winters. 

This animal’s history is extensively documented, dating back millennia. Moccasins and other household goods were made of leather from moose hides.

3.1 What does the moose eat?

Moose only consume plants because they are herbivores. They eat browse, made up of the leaves and twigs of woody plants. Throughout the year, moose use important, high-quality browse like willow, aspen, birch, maple, pin cherry, and mountain ash.

4. Canada Lynx

The Canada lynx effectively goes hunting in the snow and eats hares, ducks, and young deer with paws akin to snowshoes. This stealthy hunter is known to climb trees and swim to catch fish quickly. 

The size of a Canadian lynx varies, from being comparable to a domestic cat to being six times bigger. It belongs to one of the three lynx species that exist in the world: Lynx canadensis, Lynx lynx, and Lynx pardinus. 

The Canada lynx’s primary prey is the snowshoe hare. They all have tiny heads, tufted ears, large bodies, long legs, and short tails. Depending on the season and the hare population, these hares make up 35–97% of their diet. 

Although snowshoe hares continue to be the main food source, Canada lynxes occasionally consume other animals in their diet, including juvenile Dall’s sheep, mule deer, and boreal woodland caribou, as well as ducks, American red squirrels, grouse, moles, ptarmigan, and voles.

4.1 Is it rare to see a Canadian lynx?

The Canada lynx is a secretive animal that is most active at night and is rarely seen in the wild, much like the cougar and bobcat, the other two native cats of Canada.

5. Polar Bears

canadian animals
Photo by Hans-Jurgen Mager on Unsplash/Copyright 2020

Since Canada is home to at least two-thirds of the world’s polar bears, Canadians have a unique relationship with and responsibility for these animals.

Ursus maritimus, the species’ scientific name, translates to sea bear and is a fitting description for this magnificent species, which spends much of its time in, near, or on the water and uses sea ice as a hunting ground.

Polar bear populations are becoming more and more vulnerable as our world warms and that sea ice melts. Additionally, it makes them spend more time on land, which puts them in more significant conflict with Arctic residents.

Since seals can be hidden under one meter (three feet) of snow and are nearly 1.6 kilometers (miles) away, the polar bear has an exceptionally developed sense of smell.

Its eyesight is also good at a great distance, and its hearing is comparable to a human’s. However, the Polar bear is one of the top Canadian animals.

6. Atlantic Puffins

canadian animals
Photo by Ray Hennessy on Unsplash/Copyright 2017

The only puffin native to the Atlantic Ocean is the Atlantic puffin, the national bird of Newfoundland. They congregate in vast colonies to breed in the summer and spring on the islands and beaches

Puffins are adept swimmers who spend much of their life at sea. They rely on small forage fish for feeding, like humpback and fin whales and Atlantic cod, and will swim as deep as 60 meters underwater to collect them.

The Atlantic puffin has a nonstop route and travels higher above the water than most other auks, usually 10 meters (35 feet) above the sea surface. 

It rarely flies, preferring to move by efficiently paddling along with its webbed feet. Except for the occasionally faint purring sounds of flight, it is usually silence at sea. 

It is silent above ground at the breeding colony, but it emits a growling noise similar to a chainsaw being revved up in its burrow.

6.1 Can the Atlantic puffin fly?

A puffin has a top speed of 55 mph. Puffins typically maintain a cruising altitude of about 30 feet, unlike other auks, which prefer to hover just a few feet above the water.

7. Bison

Bison are Ice Age warriors representing power, tenacity, and their prairie past. They can gallop up to 65 miles per hour and weigh up to 900 kilograms, clearing snow and bush with their enormous heads. 

Originally numbering between 30 and 60 million in North America, settler colonialism destroyed their population there, reducing them to less than 1,000 in just a few decades during the late 1800s. 

On Earth, no other species has vanished so swiftly. However, Bison is one of the top Canadian animals. A bison wallow is an Earth’s slight, wet, or dry depression. Bison use these depressions to roll around and coat themselves in mud or dust. A typical bison behavior is whining.

Bison are now recognized for eating a wide range of vegetation, including herbaceous and woody eudicots. Previously, believed that Bison nearly exclusively consumed grasses and sedges. Because they are ruminants, Bison have a unique stomach that allows them to ferment vegetation before eating them. Bison reliably consume the same types of plants year after year. 

Throughout the year, they change the plants they choose for their diet dependent on whether plants have the highest protein or energy concentration levels at a given time.

8. Caribou

One of Canada’s most iconic species, the caribou, lives in the Arctic, the boreal forest, and the mountains. The 25-cent coin has a woodland caribou in southern Canadian boreal forests and is in danger. 

The smaller, scrappier barren-ground caribou that wander the Arctic also suffer from sharp decreases. For thousands of years, Indigenous Peoples have relied heavily on barren-ground caribou for food, clothing, and cultural identity. 

In several herds now, their populations have decreased by more than 90%. However, caribou is one of the top Canadian animals.

It is not surprising that the caribou, also the national animal of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, has appeared on Canada’s 25-cent coin, given the animal’s long and rich history in the nation, where Indigenous peoples have used it for food, clothing, and shelter.

Sadly, their number and conservation status have been labeled some Danger.  f the 51 herds spread around the nation, 20 are in decline, and none are growing. 

Climate change, migration, the lack of usable land, and increased mining exploration and development are all to blame for this.

9.  southern resident killer whales

The fearsome southern resident killer whale, sometimes known as an orca, is one of Canada’s most famous marine creatures and holds cultural significance for many First Nations people. 

It may be found in B.C.’s Salish Sea.  Their existence is in doubt since this population faces immediate threats from food scarcity and marine traffic disruptions like underwater noise. 

There are currently only 72 of these threatened species left.  f the four permanent groups found in the Northeastern Pacific Ocean of North America, the southern resident killer whales (SRKW) are the smallest.  both Canada and the U.S. have endangered species listings for them.

The National Marine Fisheries Service and Atmospheric Administration have identified it as the only killer whale population protected under the Endangered Species Act.

9.1 How many southern resident orcas will be left in 2022?

Southern Resident killer whales are a unique orca population inhabiting the coastal waters of Northern California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia.  nly 73 of these distinctive orcas will be left by September 2022, making them critically endangered and at risk of going extinct.

canadian animalsPhoto by Jay Ruzesky on Unsplash/Copyright 2016

10. Walrus

The long ivory tusks on the Atlantic walrus used to crack sea ice and climb out of the ocean are recognized for their imposing presence and impressive and great whiskers. 

Both men and females have tusks, which can grow up to three feet long. the small population of Atlantic walruses can be found in Canada’s High and Central-Low Arctic. 

They are vulnerable to changes in the sea ice habitat brought on by climate change, and some haul out in huge numbers on land.  However, Walrus is one of the top Canadian animals.

Walruses favor mollusks, primarily bivalves like clams.  They also consume numerous soft-bodied benthic invertebrates, such as worms, gastropods, cephalopods, crabs, sea cucumbers, and others. Fish like polar cod may occasionally be preyed upon by walruses.

When food is in short supply, walruses may consume the bodies of young seals. Some walruses regularly consume seals, albeit they are unusual.  Their primary sources of food are ringed and bearded seals.

 These are typically male walruses, which may be identified by their bigger size than other males and their well-developed chest and shoulders.  The fat of the seals they eat may leave grease stains on their skin.

11.  arctic hare

The environment in these regions is ideal for the arctic hare because of the tundra, treeless coasts, cold and icy weather, and plateaus. 

These regions are scattered across Canada’s Arctic islands, Northern areas, and the southern section of Labrador and Newfoundland.  t is 20% fat and has thick hair to endure the chilly temperature. 

It has shorter limbs and ears than a typical bunny.  t frequently sleeps in these locations because it is known to dig holes in the ground or snow to keep warm.

When found in Newfoundland or the southern part of Labrador in the summer, this animal protects from predators by changing the appearance of its fur, which is white in the winter and brown and grey in the summer.

11.1 Can you have an arctic hare as a pet?

No one keeps Arctic hares as pets.  They cannot be bought and cannot be found online.  They fall under the “least risk” category for conservation status, but various animal welfare societies can still sponsor them.

canadian animals
Photo by Jeremy Hynes on Unsplash/Copyright 2022

12.  common Loon

The strange sounds of the Common Loon can be heard floating in one’s head every time a Canadian looks at a dollar coin, now known as the loonie in affectionate usage.

The loon, Ontario’s official bird, is a water bird that only comes ashore to breed and nurture its eggs.  hey use their sharp, rearward-facing extensions on the top of their mouths to swim underwater when grabbing fish and typically consume the prey even without surfacing to breathe.

They spend winter in Europe, Iceland, and North America’s Pacific and Atlantic coasts.  n the spring and summer, they return to bodies of pure water lakes in cottage country, as usual.

12.1 Are loons aggressive?

Although loons have a calm appearance, they may be vicious predators attacking anything from Canada geese to redhead ducks, too, most frequently, fellow loons.  john Cooley, the senior biologist of The Loon Preservation Committee in New Hampshire, says, “it’s been going on for millennia.”

13.  ed Fox

canadian animals
Photo by Ray Hennessy on Unsplash/Copyright 2016

Red foxes, carnivores, and canine family members are the species with the most significant geographic spread in Canada.  hey get their name from the reddish fur color, and occasionally they have a cross-shaped symbol on their back. 

However, the Red fox is one of the top Canadian animals. They have black feet and ear tips, and their tail has a white end.  They are also Prince Edward Island’s recognized provincial animal.

Given that their number has been remarkably steady across the nation, red foxes have the slightest concern about conservation status. they frequently reside in rural or agricultural settings and still thrive across Canada.

Even though the red fox is an omnivore, most of its food consists of dead carrion, such as mice, rabbits, voles, birds, fish, frogs, and eggs.  ruits and vegetables are used as supplemental dietary sources.

Red foxes benefited from the altered habitat, while other larger predators were driven away by human development. 

Red foxes are really good listeners.  ed foxes are omnivorous and can be seen in parks and around the edges of forests.  ue to their solitary nature, red foxes may easily conceal and flee from humans.

14.  Mountain Lion

The mountain lion, often known as the cougar or puma, is Canada’s largest and strongest wildcat.  y all accounts, they are predators with a 130-degree field of vision and the stealth and muscle to take down prey four times their size.  being a reclusive creature, it prefers to live in remote forests or other natural settings with little human habitation. 

However, the Mountain lion is one of the top Canadian animals. Habitat loss poses a serious threat to this animal since development keeps upsetting cougars’ daily routines and reducing their range. 

The best part is that there are few diseases among mountain lions, and since hunting of this animal is restricted, mountain lion populations can continue to grow.

The adaptability kings are mountain lions. Hey, they have a wide range partly due to their ability to adapt to many environments.  These predators can be found in almost every habitat in North America. 

They can be found in various habitats, including canyons, prairies, mangrove forests, lowlands, mountains, and deserts.  hen given a chance, they prefer habitats with rocky outcrops or thick vegetation where they can ambush prey.

15.  Canada Goose

Canada Goose is one of the top Canadian animals.  These distinctively black-headed wetlands birds migrate south for the winter.  Because they can fly farther thanks to the air currents going through the head of the V, their migration helps them conserve energy. 

Although they vary in size, all Canadian geese have a similar appearance.  adult Canada geese have long, black necks with prominent white cheek patches, greyish-brown wings, backs, flanks, breasts, black tails, legs, feet, bills, and heads. 

Even the town of Wawa in Ontario, Obwije, meaning wild goose, has a sizable statue honoring the Canada Goose.  he following falsehood about the Canada Goose is that, despite its name, it may be found worldwide. 

Canada geese can be found in Canada, the U.S., and Mexico during winter.  However, they were given the name Canada Geese because they primarily visited and resided in Canada.

Closing Thoughts

More than 300 kinds of wildlife can only be found in Canada, making it a unique place for wildlife.  every province and region have uncommon animals, plants, or insects.  However, the following are 15 Canadian animals that are unique and can be found in Canada.

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1. Which animals are the most hazardous in Canada?

Based on the Canadian government, eight hundred ninety of Canada’s animal species are vulnerable, endangered, or highly threatened. Canada’s top five most lethal creatures are the black widow spider, moose, prairie rattlesnake, polar bear, and cougar.

2. what animal represents Canada as a whole?

The beaver, with the Canadian horse, serves as Canada’s national animal. skunk, Striped the striped skunk may be found all over Canada, from West-Central B.C. to Nunavut, the Northwest Territories, and the Maritimes.

3. What national park in Canada you can visit to find wildlife in Canada?

These are the top 5; wood buffalo national park, jasper national park, Waterton lakes national park, Banff national park and jasper national parks. You can also find grizzly bears, black bears pollution and Bird species in these parks.

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  • Sakina M Saleh

    Sakina Saleh from India is a student pursuing her bachelor's, and she is a blog and article writer who believes in continuous progress, learning and dynamism.

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