electoral districts in Canada electoral districts in Canada

338 Important Electoral Districts in Canada

In this article, our prime focus will be on the following points:

  • What exactly are electoral districts?
  • Definition of Electoral districts in Canada?
  • The number of electoral districts in Canada.
  • Federal electoral districts in Canada.
  • Determination of electoral districts in Canada.
  • Electoral Boundaries Commission.
electoral districts in Canada
By Alesia Kozik/Pexels copyright 2022

 

What are Electoral Districts?

electoral districts in Canada
By Anna Nekrashevich/Pexels copyright 2022

An electoral district is also an election district or a voting district. It is a subdivision of a country or a larger state meant to provide a representation of that area in its legislative assembly. This legislative body defines the boundary of the district and whether or not a single member or several members would represent the district.

In most cases, during the occurrence of the election, only the voters belonging to that particular district or area are allowed to participate in the election and the voting procedure.

The other section will deal with a specific definition of Electoral districts and several Federal Electoral districts in Canada.

What are electoral districts in Canada?

In Canada, a voting district or an election district is a geographical faction on which the representative democracy of Canada is built. In English, Canada’s electoral districts are also called ridings or constituencies.

The word Ridings was coined in 2013 representation order. In Canada, there is a total of 338 electoral districts/ridings, which came into effect in 2015. The Canadian electoral districts help elect and determine the members of Parliament to Canada’s House of commons in every election.

The electoral districts in Canada and Canada’s electoral system are termed the First-past-the-post system.

Note: Results have been taken according to which the word Riding is no longer used officially as the usage of the term has become more common and neutral.

Federal Electoral District

The Federal electoral district is an area/region/province represented by a House of Commons member. Federal Electoral District Boundary Files display the federal electoral district boundaries for which census data is dispersed via different publications.

The federal electoral district boundaries used for the census are established on the Representation order in effect on January 1st of the census year. The files have information about the boundaries of the federal electoral districts, which combine to cover all of Canada.

In the federal electoral district boundary files, there are two types of files, digital and cartographic files. The digital files have information regarding the geographical areas. The Cartographic files depict the geographical areas restricted to Canada’s land mass.

The Canadians, in general, common to the certain province, can vote for their representation. The elected member at the end of the result is responsible for the region’s development and providing services to the Canadians. The list of the recognized electoral district in Canada are mentioned below:

How many electoral districts are there in Canada?

Since 2015, a total number of 338 electoral districts have been recognized in Canada.

The list of the federal electoral district of Canada is given below, along with the number of seats per province.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador form the eastern province of Canada. The Newfoundland and Labrador region has 7 seats (1 seat per area).

1. Avalon

2. Bonavista-Burin-Trinity

3. Coast of Bays-Central-Notre Dame

4. Labrador

5. Long Range Mountains

6. St. John’s East

7. St. John’s South-Mount Pearl

Nova Scotia

The Nova Scotia region is one of thirteen provinces of Canada. It offers 11 electoral districts (11 seats, 1 seat per district). The list of the electoral districts in the Nova Scotia region is given below. The list of the regions is given below:

1. Cape Breton-Canso

2. Central Nova

3. Cumberland-Colchester

4. Dartmouth- Cole Harbor

5. Halifax

6. Halifax West

7. Kings-Hants

8. Sackville-Preston-Chezzetcook

9. South Shore-St. Margarets

10. Sydney-Victoria

11. West Nova

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island is located in the Eastern portion of Canada’s maritime provinces. It has a total of 4 seats.

1. Cardigan

2. Charlottetown

3. Egmont

4. Malpeque

New Brunswick

It is one of thirteen provinces of Canada and one of three Maritime provinces. The New Brunswick region constitutes 10 electoral districts in Canada.

1. Acadie-Bathurst

2. Beausejour

3. Fredericton

4. Fundy Royal

5. Madawaska-Restigouche

6. Miramichi-Grand Lake

7. Moncton-Riverview-Dieppe

8. New Brunswick Southwest

9. Saint John-Rothesay

10. Tobique-Mactaquac

Manitoba

Manitoba is a province of Canada which shares its borders with Ontario in the East and Saskatchewan in the West. It can be divided into rural and urban regions. The rural subdivision offers 6 seats, and the urban region has 8 seats.

  1. Rural
  • Brandon-Souris
  • Churchill-Keewatinook Aski
  • Dauphin-Swan River-Neepawa
  • Portage-Lisgar
  • Provencher
  • Selkirk-Interlake-Eastman

2. Winnipeg

  • Charleswood-St. James-Assiniboia-Headingley
  • Elmwood-Transcona
  • Kildonan-St. Paul
  • Saint Boniface-Saint Vital
  • Winnipeg Centre
  • Winnipeg North
  • Winnipeg South
  • Winnipeg South Centre

Yukon

Yukon is one of the Northwest Territories in Canada. It offers only one electoral district for the elections.

1. Yukon

Northwest Territories

Northwest Territories are federal electoral districts represented in the House of Commons.

1. Northwest Territories

Nunavut

It is a huge but less populated region in Northern Canada. It offers only one seat in Canada’s elections. 

1. Nunavut 

British Columbia

British Columbia is the Westernmost province in Canada. The British Columbia province has about 42 electoral districts in Canada.

1. Abbotsford

2. Burnaby North-Seymour

3. Burnaby South

4. Cariboo-Prince George

5. Central Okanagan-Similkameen-Nicola

6. Chilliwack-Hope

7. Cloverdale-Langley City

8. Coquitlam-Port Coquitlam

9. Courtenay-Alberni

10. Cowichan-Malahat-Langford

11. Delta

12. Esquimalt-Saanich-Sooke

13. Fleetwood-Port Kells

14. Kamloops-Thompson-Cariboo

15. Kelowna-Lake Country

16. Kootenay-Columbia

17. Langley-Aldergrove

18. Mission-Matsqui-Fraser Canyon

19. Nanaimo-Ladysmith

20. New Westminster-Burnaby

21. North Island- Powell River

22. North Okanagan-Shuswap

23. North Vancouver

24. Pitt Meadows-Maple Ridge

25. Port Moody-Coquitlam

26. Prince George-Peace River-Northern Rockies

27. Richmond Centre

28. Saanich-Gulf Islands

29. Skeena-Bulkley Valley

30. South Okanagan-West Kootenay

31. South Surrey-White Rock

32. Steveston-Richmond East

33. Surrey Centre

34. Surrey-Newton

35. Vancouver Centre

36. Vancouver East

37. Vancouver Granville

38. Vancouver Kingsway

39. Vancouver Quadra

40. Vancouver South

41. Victoria

42. West Vancouver-Sunshine Coast-Sea to Sky Country

Alberta

Alberta is a province of Canada situated in the country’s western area. As of now, the number of ridings in Alberta is 34.

1. Banff-Airdrie

2. Battle River- Crowfoot

3. Bow River

4. Calgary Centre

5. Calgary Confederation

6. Calgary Forest Lawn

7. Calgary Heritage

8. Calgary Midnapore

9. Calgary Nose Hill

10. Calgary Rocky Ridge

11. Calgary Shepard

12. Calgary Signal Hill

13. Calgary Skyview

14. Edmonton Centre

15. Edmonton Griesbach

16. Edmonton Manning

17. Edmonton Mill Woods

18. Edmonton Riverbend

19. Edmonton Strathcona

20. Edmonton West

21. Edmonton-Wetaskiwin

22. Foothills

23. Fort McMurray-Cold Lake

24. Grande Prairie-Mackenzie

25. Lakeland

26. Lethbridge

27. Medicine Hat-Cardston-Warner

28. Peace River-Westlock

29. Red Deer-Lacombe

30. Red Deer-Mountain View

31. Sherwood Park-Fort Saskatchewan

32. St. Albert Edmonton

33. Sturgeon River-Parkland

34. Yellowhead

Ontario

Ontario is the largest province in Canada. It is situated in east-central Canada and shares its borders with the U.S. and the Great Lakes. Ottawa, the capital of Canada, is located in Ontario. Ontario determines the winning party in Canada’s elections and has 121 electoral districts in Canada.

  1. Ajax
  2. Algoma-Manitoulin-Kapuskasing
  3. Aurora-Manitoulin-Kapuskasing
  4. Barrie-Innisfil
  5. Barrie-Springwater-Oro-Medonte
  6. Bay of Quinte
  7. Beaches-East York
  8. Brampton Centre
  9. Brampton East
  10. Brampton North
  11. Brampton South
  12. Brampton West
  13. Brantford-Brant
  14. Bruce-Grey-Owen Sound
  15. Burlington
  16. Cambridge
  17. Carleton
  18. Chatham-Kent-Leamington
  19. Davenport
  20. Don Valley East
  21. Don Valley North
  22. Don Valley West
  23. Dufferin-Caledon
  24. Durham
  25. Eglinton-Lawrence
  26. Elgin-Middlesex-London
  27. Essex
  28. Etobicoke Centre
  29. Etobicoke Lakeshore
  30. Etobicoke North
  31. Flamborough-Glanbrook
  32. Glengarry-Prescott-Russell
  33. Guelph
  34. Haldimand-Norfolk
  35. Haldimand-Kawartha Lakes-Brock
  36. Hamilton Centre
  37. Hamilton East-Stoney Creek
  38. Hamilton Mountain
  39. Hamilton West-Ancaster-Dundas
  40. Hastings-Lennox and Addington
  41. Humber River-Black Creek
  42. Huron-Bruce
  43. Kanata-Carleton
  44. Kenora
  45. King-Vaughan
  46. Kingston and the Islands
  47. Kitchener Centre
  48. Kitchener-Conestoga
  49. Kitchener South-Hespeler
  50. Lambton-Kent-Middlesex
  51. Lanark-Frontenac-Kingston
  52. Leeds-Grenville-Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes
  53. London-Fanshawe
  54. London North Centre
  55. London West
  56. Markham-Stouffville
  57. Markham-Thornhill
  58. Markham-Unionville
  59. Milton
  60. Mississauga Centre
  61. Mississauga East-Cooksville
  62. Mississauga-Erin Mills
  63. Mississauga-Lakeshore
  64. Mississauga-Malton
  65. Mississauga-Streetsville
  66. Nepean
  67. Newmarket-Aurora
  68. Niagara Centre
  69. Niagara Falls
  70. Niagara West
  71. Nickel Belt
  72. Nipissing-Timiskaming
  73. Northumberland-Peterborough South
  74. Oakville
  75. Oakville North-Burlington
  76. Orleans
  77. Oshawa
  78. Ottawa Centre
  79. Ottawa South
  80. Ottawa-Vanier
  81. Ottawa West-Nepean
  82. Oxford
  83. Parkdale-High Park
  84. Parry Sound-Muskoka
  85. Perth-Wellington
  86. Peterborough-Kawartha
  87. Pickering-Uxbridge
  88. Renfrew-Nipissing-Pembroke
  89. Richmond Hill
  90. St, Catharines
  91. Sarnia-Lambton
  92. Sault Ste. Marie
  93. Scarborough-Agincourt
  94. Scarborough Centre
  95. Scarborough-Guildwood
  96. Scarborough North
  97. Scarborough-Rouge Park
  98. Scarborough Southwest
  99. Simcoe-Grey
  100. Simcoe North
  101. Spadina-Fort York
  102. Stormont-Dundas-South Glengarry
  103. Sudbury
  104. Thornhill
  105. Thunder Bay-Rainy River
  106. Thunder Bay-Superior North
  107. Timmins-James Bay
  108. Toronto Centre
  109. Toronto-Danforth
  110. Toronto-St, Paul’s
  111. University-Rosedale
  112. Vaughan-Woodbridge
  113. Waterloo
  114. Wellington-Halton Hills
  115. Whitby
  116. Willowdale
  117. Windsor-Tecumseh
  118. Windsor West
  119. York Centre
  120. York-Simcoe
  121. York South-Weston

Quebec

  1. Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou
  2. Abitibi—Témiscamingue
  3. Ahuntsic-Cartierville
  4. Alfred-Pellan
  5. Argenteuil—La Petite-Nation
  6. Avignon—La Mitis—Matane—Matapédia
  7. Beauce
  8. Beauport—Côte-de-Beaupré—Île d’Orléans—Charlevoix
  9. Beauport—Limoilou
  10. Bécancour—Nicolet—Saurel
  11. Bellechasse—Les Etchemins—Lévis
  12. Beloeil—Chambly
  13. Berthier—Maskinongé
  14. Bourassa
  15. Brome—Missisquoi
  16. Brossard—Saint-Lambert
  17. Charlesbourg—Haute-Saint-Charles
  18. Châteauguay—Lacolle
  19. Chicoutimi—Le Fjord
  20. Compton—Stanstead
  21. Dorval—Lachine—LaSalle
  22. Drummond
  23. Gaspésie—Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine
  24. Gatineau
  25. Hochelaga
  26. Honoré-Mercier
  27. Hull—Aylmer
  28. Joliette
  29. Jonquière
  30. La Pointe-de-l’Île
  31. La Prairie
  32. Lac-Saint-Jean
  33. Lac-Saint-Louis
  34. LaSalle—Émard—Verdun
  35. Laurentides—Labelle
  36. Laurier—Sainte-Marie
  37. Laval—Les Îles
  38. Lévis—Lotbinière
  39. Longueuil—Charles-LeMoyne
  40. Longueuil—Saint-Hubert
  41. Louis-Hébert
  42. Louis-Saint-Laurent
  43. Manicouagan
  44. Marc-Aurèle-Fortin
  45. Mégantic—L’Érable
  46. Mirabel
  47. Montarville
  48. Montcalm
  49. Montmagny—L’Islet—Kamouraska—Rivière-du-Loup
  50. Mount Royal
  51. Notre-Dame-de-Grâce—Westmount
  52. Outremont
  53. Papineau
  54. Pierre-Boucher—Les Patriotes—Verchères
  55. Pierrefonds—Dollard
  56. Pontiac
  57. Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier
  58. Québec
  59. Repentigny
  60. Richmond—Arthabaska
  61. Rimouski-Neigette—Témiscouata—Les Basques
  62. Rivière-des-Mille-Îles
  63. Rivière-du-Nord
  64. Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie
  65. Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot
  66. Saint-Jean
  67. Saint-Laurent
  68. Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel
  69. Saint-Maurice—Champlain
  70. Salaberry—Suroît
  71. Shefford
  72. Sherbrooke
  73. Terrebonne
  74. Thérèse-De Blainville
  75. Trois-Rivières
  76. Vaudreuil—Soulanges
  77. Ville-Marie—Le Sud-Ouest—Île-des-Sœurs
  78. Vimy

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan is a Canadian province that shares its borders with the United States to the south.

  1. Battlefords—Lloydminster
  2. Carlton Trail—Eagle Creek
  3. Cypress Hills—Grasslands
  4. Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River
  5. Moose Jaw—Lake Centre—Lanigan
  6. Prince Albert
  7. Regina—Lewvan
  8. Regina—Qu’Appelle
  9. Regina—Wascana
  10. Saskatoon—Grasswood
  11. Saskatoon—University
  12. Saskatoon West
  13. Souris—Moose Mountain
  14. Yorkton—Melville

How are electoral districts determined in Canada?

Canada election: How are federal electoral districts determined

In this section, we have attached a YouTube video on how the determination of electoral district takes place in Canada.

Concerning the Constitution of Canada, the federal electoral boundaries are reviewed every 10 years based on the recent census to present Canada’s population with time. During the change period, independent electoral boundaries commissions were created for each province because of their confined population and the Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act.

Each of these committees has three keys, one judge who chairs the commission and two members appointed by the speaker of the House of Commons. The key criteria for the determination of the boundaries are population equality. The rest criteria, such as communities of interest or identity, historical patterns of previous limits, and manageable geographic size, are considered too.

After this, a public hearing is held for the public’s participation in the process.

One important aspect of determining the Electoral district is the Electoral boundaries commissions.

Electoral Boundaries Commissions

The present electoral boundaries commission was established on October 21, 2021. These Electoral Boundaries Commissions are established and changed after every two general elections. This is a three-person, independent and non-partisan commission.

The commission recommends changes to the area, boundaries and names of different British Columbia provincial electoral districts. This ensures that each MLA and hence, later, the governor can represent a similar number of people.

The Legislative Assembly reviews the commission’s recommendations and votes to accept them, reject them, or approve them with changed ideas. If the commission’s proposals are approved or altered, the government must introduce them as a Bill.

Role of Quebec in Canada’s Federal elections

Role of Quebec in Canada’s Federal Elections

Quebec is a province that has 78 electoral districts in Canada. It is the second-largest province after Ontario. A video describing the situation in Quebec, Canada, has been attached for further information.

The French media, which is Quebec-centric, generally affects voting habits in Quebec. In general, the largest province, Ontario, decides which party will govern, whereas the province of Quebec decides if the party gets a majority.

Conclusion

This article talked about the Electoral districts in Canada, with a major emphasis on the boundary commissions and determining factors. In general, Canada is a huge country divided into several electoral districts that determine the country’s election system.

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