Urbanization in Canada: Exploring 10 Highlights

Abu Khan
Abu Khan - Icy CanadaFebruary 16, 2023
Updated 2023/09/13 at 11:39 AM
By Mateus Rodrigues / https://www.pexels.com/@mateus-rodrigues-232854293/



Urbanization can lead to competition leading to discrimination, Urbanization can also lead to a natural increase in a lot of things. It can have concerns about the size of the residence per km square. Social welfare will increase, today we are going to talk about What is Urbanization in Canada.

There are thousands of ways that urban planners can add green spaces to our environment. Some buildings grow plants on their roofs, they are called green roofs. The plants soak up the rain and snow melt that hits the roof and prevents it from going to the street.

1. What is Urbanization in Canada

Urbanization can be defined as the rapid and massive growth of and immigration to large cities. There can positives about the Urban population growth and there can be negatives about it too. It can and I think it will cause a baby boom in the future. Life in big cities is very different compared to rural areas.

The government looking into investing money in residential and commercial factories. It can increase debt in Canada’s population. It can increase taxes and education funds to be invested.

It can have enough jobs to reduce unemployment rates in Canadian cities. It will limit the number of the manufacturing industry. The government will be forced to destroy wildlife because of the need for more space in the future.

The forests will be under the control of the government. There have to be taken measures to decrease the population growth and population. Canadian cities can have more agricultural land area because of urbanization.

Urbanization in Canada
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2. Urban Population or Total Population

The 2016 Census results show that more than 83% of the Canadian population lives in Census metropolitan areas and Census agglomerations. Together Montreal, Toronto, and Vancouver are home to more than 12 million people.

In 1871 the vast majority of the Canadian population size lived in rural areas and metropolitan regions as we know them today did not exist at that time.

In the 1950s only 30% of the world’s total population growth lived in Cities. But now more and more people have moved to cities looking for better jobs and education.

Statistics Canada shows that nearly or over 80% of Canada’s population lives in Urbanized places, which is an insane percentage already. They will get more urbanized shortly. The percentage around 45% 1911 of people living in Urban centres in Canada but now it is more than 80%.

Also looking for better infrastructure and leisure facilities. It is also said that in 2070 more than around 70% of the world’s population will live in cities and around 30% of people lived in urban areas in 1950.

The two main factors why there is an increase in population growth are migration and natural increase migration can mean internal and international as well.

Internal means people moving from a rural environment to an urban environment which is called internal migration. International migration means people moving from a different country to a different country is known as international migration.

Now Natural increase is based on the numbers of births and deaths in the country and this could increase because of better health care and more families.

According to recent data, the population growth of Canada is around 37 million people but it has also been said that the population has not been spread evenly in the entire of Canada population. The majority of the population of Canada which is around 90% lives within 160km of the U.S. border.

Eight out of ten of Canada’s largest cities are located in just 5% of its territory. This means that the population growth of Canada varies significantly from place to place the largest cities like Toronto and Montreal have four thousand people per square km and where as some area has like zero people per square km. With the large area of Canada and relatively small population growth, the average population size of the country is 3.7 people per km.

Canada’s population has been steadily climbing as the country is getting more and more urbanized. However the source of the population has changed over the years, in the past, the natural growth of the population counted at around 90% and the immigrants counted at around 10%. But now immigrants count for around 70% of the growth and only around 30% of natural growth.

Urbanization in Canada
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3. How Does Urbanization Impact Canada Economically?

Urbanization helps to increase the number of immigrants and is also known as the immigration rate in Canada. Urbanization helps to make the economy of the country very stable, so it will help Canada’s population to stabilize its economy.

The unemployment rate in Canada goes up and it will affect Canadian cities. The financial debt of Canada will also go up and hence inflation can rise.

Urbanization in Canada
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4. How does it Affect Canada Environmentally?

Urbanization also leads to more pollution, the quality of the water will get impure too, and there will be less open space, and less green land area.

The ecosystem of Canadian’s lives will also get destroyed because of Urbanization. Green housing gases will also be increased and it is very important to keep the temperature of the atmosphere of Earth good.

You can imagine with so many peoples living this close to each other it can cause a strain on the natural resource of the area and generate more air and water pollution compared to rural areas. Rural areas do not get air and water pollution a lot and the air is very fresh there as there is more eco-system available.

Urban planners often talk about the ratio between green space and grey space in a city where the green spaces are vegetation and the grey spaces are things like buildings, and paved services like roads, sidewalks and parking lots.

These grey spaces may be necessary but cities should be planned thoughtfully with proper execution and not just make it and should focus on adding in more green spaces too.

When grey spaces dominate a cityscape too much, the paved surfaces prevent water from seeping into the ground so when it rains it creates a large amount of runoff having nowhere to go, the water travels across paved surfaces, picking up pollutants on the way.

All these runoffs can lead to flash flooding which can be bad for the environment. Adding more green spaces can prevent these from happening and the environment can be good as well you can be pollutant-free because plants soak up water.

Also, plants create shade and help cool things down so buildings with green roofs would not have to spend as much on air conditioning which can be very good for the environment.

Green spaces can also help the environment by allowing groundwater recharge, which is allowing more and more water to sink back into the ground and replenish the aquifer.

How can urban planners solve this problem? Cities could cluster grocery stores, offices and buildings or houses close together, building up rather than out making buildings taller rather than a little wider.

This would mean that people would not have to travel as far to get where they need so people could rely more on walking and biking rather than fossil fuels consuming vehicles. Cities can reduce vehicle emissions by making public transportation more convenient and affordable.

This would be meant that fewer people would need to use their cars to get around and it would cut down on traffic.

Urbanization in Canada
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5. How does Urbanization impact Canada Socially?

You can have more friends and families, young adults like to have more friends than they have already Urbanization can help you get more and more friends. Urbanization also helps in bettering the education system of Canadians live.

It also helps in bettering the health care of the country which is a big plus point as you want the health care of your country to be better and ever ready for difficult situations.

It also helps you and the young adults to have more interaction with others and you will become more and more socially active after Urbanization.

Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas which means it retains heat from the sun, and it contributes to climate change.

But Carbon dioxide is not the only kind of air pollution that cities provide. Emissions from motor vehicles and industrial facilities in cities can create something called photochemical smog. It is a kind of hazy, smoky pollution that you can sometimes see in the horizon line of cities and it can be very harmful to the eyes and lungs of a human.

Urbanization in Canada
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6. What Are the Possible Solutions for Urbanization?

  • We can start planting more trees and going green so it helps to minimize pollution as much as we can. Cities can use sustainable planning to counter these effects.
  • Parking lots can be constructed with permeable paving to reduce runoff. Groundwater recharge is something which can help us to prevent something which happens in some coastal cities called saltwater intrusion.
  • We can start using cars, bikes, or scooters a little bit less when there is no apparent reason to use them and we just wander around for no reason.
  • People should start walking more compared to before to minimize pollution. Individuals should be more eco-friendly if there is urbanization it helps to minimize pollution and waste.
  • Everyone should start considering public transportation or public transit facilities it can help the environment a lot to minimize pollution and it can help the individual to reduce the costs on their own.
  • Some cities do this by building rain gardens which are gardens specifically to filter water back into the ground the plants and rain gardens help filter pollutants in the runoff and prevent the pollutants from contaminating water ecosystems. Cities can also help with groundwater recharge by building permeable surfaces in their cities.

Urbanization in Canada
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7. Urban Areas

Cities and towns are Urban areas. Buildings are often close together, so there are very few open spaces in big cities.

In Canada, Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal are a few of the urban areas, these are a few central core cities in Canada. People move here because the lifestyle of these cities are way more urbanized compared to other community. Ottawa is also one of the most urbanized places in Canada, it is also the capital of Canada.

In Urban areas, there are a lot of jobs compared to rural areas. The public services are also way better compared to rural areas for obvious reasons as it is more developed and the development rate is way better in Urban areas.

Urban areas have paved roads, planned houses, sewage systems and covered drains are the few systems you can find in Urban areas, these things are now getting available in rural areas as well as they are also trying to develop their villages or small towns.

Canada had to wait around 70 to 80 years for the next wave of urbanization. Urbanization also has more population than rural areas. Urban areas also have more advantages compared to rural areas.

It is easier to coordinate community services like recycling, public education public transportation, they also tend to have way better medical services due to available ingredients, the family planning is also very well organized in Urban areas as people are way smarter compared to rural areas.

Urbanization in Canada
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8. Rural Areas

Villages and small towns are located in this location. Buildings are often far apart from each other, so there are more open spaces in Rural areas compared to the community of urban population.

In Rural areas, we can find public transportation but it is usually limited to buses and there are fewer options for public transportation in rural areas compared to urban areas.

Hence there is less variety of jobs in rural areas compared to urban areas example of jobs are farming, fishing, and mining.

People moving to urban areas also means that there will be a decrease in the proportion of people living in rural areas and how society is adapting to this huge change.

British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland, and Labrador are a few rural areas in Canada. Dawson City, Victoria, Churchill, and Nelson are a few small towns in Canada.

Urbanization in Canada
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9. Urban Centres

Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, Ottawa, Quebec City, and Edmonton are a few urban centres in Canada. These are a few metropolitan areas that continue to grow even now and are even spreading.

There are a lot of people migrating to these urban centres due to urbanization. These urban centres are developing by day to day and the lifestyle of these cities is hectic compared to Rural areas. New families are also migrating here.

Urbanization in Canada
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10. The Reason Why People Migrate to Urban Areas and What Is Urbanization in Canada

The reasons are if a rural area is not able to meet the new housing demands of the people and the money generating is not as good as urbanized areas, they move to urbanized areas to fulfil their wants and needs.

The infrastructure of a rural area is also the reason why people prefer to move to urban areas to live in better infrastructure and get better jobs and education. The employment rate is also better in urbanized areas compared to rural areas.

The crime rate also comes into play, the crime rates are a lot higher in rural areas compared to the urbanized area as there are fewer educated people in rural areas and urban areas are very safe to stay and the security levels are also way better compared to urban areas.

People live in slums due to a lack of affordable housing as well as pollution. The transportation system efficiency is better in Urban areas. Protecting the green spaces and the development of sustainable cities which neutralize with new energy sources.

The economy, healthcare, education, market share and other facilities have been the main trends why there has been a high rate of migration of people in Urban areas. The people who migrate from underdeveloped countries for better services in countries like Canada. People should understand what is urbanization in Canada.

The neighbourhoods are way better in countries like Canada and the neighbourhoods are very friendly, they do not discriminate between you and them even if you are an immigrant, and they treat you equally.

The cultural differences are too the reason why people like moving to Canada. Canada is said to have one of the best cultures and people enjoy the culture of Canadians who live there. The vibes around Christmas and other festivals are just different in Canada.

There are a lot of territories in Canada which are growing more than the main cities they have like Toronto and other famous cities. Yukon, northwest territories, and Quebec are growing now more than other territories. Canada’s major cities have also been seeing growth like Vancouver, Toronto and Calgary, these are a few of the fastest-growing cities in Canada.

One of the most notable trends is the ageing of the population for the first time in Canada’s history the percentage of adults aged 65 and over exceeds the percentage of children under 15 years old. Canada’s population has no shortage of interest in characteristics.

Urbanization in Canada
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Conclusion

Urbanization has a lot of pros and cons, people move to Urban areas to earn more money and live a better lifestyle but the pollution and population of an Urban place are concerning compared to Rural areas. In Rural areas, you can inhale fresh air and the air is much better there compared to Urban areas. Everyone should consider both pros and cons of Urban areas before moving there, so they have a good idea about Urbanization.

Exploring the Impact of Global Urbanization Key Statistics and Trends
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