Provincial Nominee Program is one of the important immigration programs that Canada has created. Under the Provincial Nominee Program, the immigration and citizenship issuing is decentralized broadly. To provide provincial governments with the right to choose suitable immigrants to enter their province and Canada. The PNP is taken care of by local governments under the overwatch of Immigration, Refugee, and Citizenship Canada.
The PNP is one of the most significant immigration policies for various reasons. Taking considerably less time to process applications of applicants and approving them in no time makes this one of the most sought after plans in Canada by foreigners. There are almost 80 distinct Provincial Nominee Programs that are operational in Canada right now, with Quebec the only province without its own PNP Program till now.
Some provinces might have a PNP program; some might not have. All those necessary details will be given in this article. Along with them, we will provide you with important information like:
- How does the PNP work?
- Your Eligibility
- How can you apply for PNP?
- Steps to apply for PNP
- Documents Necessary to apply
- Best Provinces to go for in Canada.
This article will give you all information about the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).
How does the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) work?
The Provincial Nominee Program is a decentralized immigration program under the control of independent provincial governments of Canada. Each province operates its PNP under various names. Similarly, each local government has its quota of the immigrants and a list of people who are to be selected based on their own needs for the economy and society. You may be a foreign national or even a Canadian citizen from another province; you are eligible to apply for PNP.
If you are an individual:
- Wanting to work in Canada and has the eligibility to contribute to the workforce
- Wanting to live in Canada as a Permanent Resident
You are most welcome to try the PNP Program. As mentioned earlier, each province has their specific eligibility criteria, based on their particular needs. But, there are some essential eligibility criteria you need to have to meet like police clearance checks, medical clearance, and the most critical CRS points, which we will talk about in a while. Applicants can either apply for the PNP programs through Canada’s Express Entries or non-Express Entry streams.
As the name itself says, provincial governments themselves do the nomination of immigrants. But, it is up to the federal governments at the top to authorize and validate the Entry of the nominated immigrant. Keep this in mind. Each province operates a various number of streams, under which each suitable immigrant is taken into the province.
Also Read: What you should know about Moving to Canada.
Eligibility to apply for Provincial Nominee Program
As said earlier, it is essential to have the necessary knowledge, skills, and experience to be qualified for the Provincial Nominee Program. If you have the essential knowledge, skills, and interest that might serve the economy of a province, you will be sent a Notification of Interest to your Express Entry profile online. You can also apply for the PNP through non- Express Entry streams, but it will take more time than that in Express Entry.
CRS scores are one of the primary eligibility requirements under the Provincial Nominee Program Canada. The Comprehensive Ranking System is a 1200 points system that is used to filter out the most eligible profiles in an Express Entry pool by the provincial governments. If you have received the nomination under the Express Entry system, you will be awarded a bonus of 600 points, which is more than enough to guarantee your selection.
The CRS scores are also given to applicants based, not their skills, education, experience, and language proficiency. You can also check your suitable streams in the PNP Live Tracker of websites for them and check the eligibility for that stream.
How to Apply for PNP?
There are two ways through which you can apply for the Provincial Nominee Program, through Express Entry or the non-Express Entry program. While the Express Entry is an online application process, the other one, the non-Express Entry, is mostly a paper-based application.
1.Express Entry Stream
The first way is the Express Entry stream is an online method through which applicants can apply for PNPs. There are two ways through which you can use in Express Entry. Either you can apply for nomination at the website of the province you wish, and then you can proceed to create an Express Entry profile. All further communication will happen on the Express Entry once you receive a notification of interest online.
Check out this Immigrate as Provincial Nominee through Express Entry
2.Non-Express Entry Stream
The second way is you create and maintain an active Express Entry profile online. Then to closely watch over the ongoing streams of each province and apply for them. Unlike before, application processing times for most of the provinces have down significantly to a few months, with the utmost time being six months. But, for applications on non- Express Entry applicants, it is longer than that of the latter.
Steps to apply for Provincial Nominee Program
1) Identify your Eligibility
The first step would be to identify the province that you wish and select a particular stream that you will be eligible to qualify for with your qualifications. For this, as we mentioned earlier above, we highly recommend you
use the PNP Live Tracker available online of the Canadian immigration services website. In those, you can filter provinces and the streams they offer as per your wishes. Know what you want. That is the first step.
2) Completing PNP Application
Once the eligibility is identified successfully, proceed to apply for the program, and complete the application very carefully. Usually, applicants will apply following the Invitation to Apply (ITA) from provincial governments.
3) Receiving your Provincial Nomination Certificate
Once your PNP application has been received, depending on your eligibility, you will get a Nomination certificate from the provincial government of the province you went for.
4) Submit your Permanent Residence application
After you submit your applications necessary with the Provincial Governments, you will be asked to now apply for the Permanent Residency in Canada. The Permanent Residency applications and processing of that application are taken care of at the federal level. You can do the PR application filing either through the Express Entry’s online or non-Express Entry’s paper-based methods.
5) Receive a complimentary PR application and plan to arrive in Canada
Now that you have received a confirmation on your Permanent Residence application from the IRCC, the IRCC will itself contact you to inform you about the next steps. You will be notified of all the necessary documents that you need to carry with you and present to the Canadian Immigration Officer at the Port of Entry. Your intention to immigrate to Canada must be clearly stated to the officer.
Documents necessary to Apply for Provincial Nominee Program
Documents required to submit as a proof varies a little from province to province and streams to streams of regions. But on average, these are the standard documents that are required as usual:
- The Medical Clearance Certificate
- Police Clearance Certificates
- Copy and Original Passports/Travel Documents
- Proof of Work experience (e.g., CV or your most updated Resume)
- The Proof of Funds
These are ordinary and necessary documents that you need to show up to the immigration officer in Canada at the Port of Entry. If you are about to apply through the Express Entry system online, most of the applications that are mentioned below will not be necessary. The below-mentioned documents are only for those who are applying through non-Express Entry linked streams, which are mostly paper-based.
- Generic Application
- Additional Dependants/Declaration
- Schedule A – Background Declaration
- Additional Family Information
- Schedule 4: Economic Classes: Provincial Nominees
- Schedule 4: Economic Classes: Business Nominees
- Supplementary Information: Your Travels
- Separation Declaration for Minor Travelling to Canada
- Use of Representative
- Application for Permanent Residence.
Check out this article Application Nominees – Provincial Package.
You need not fill up every application that we have mentioned here, but if your current status while applying corresponds with any one of the applications given, then you need to apply for it. The PDF format documents for each of the applications mentioned above can be found in the link.
Best Provincial Nominee Programs To Go For In Canada
1) Alberta Express Entry
The Alberta Express Entry program mostly draws applicants and nominees from the federal Express Entry Pool. The prime advantage of this program is that the maximum SRC score of this program is itself is 300. And, once you have received the nomination from the provincial government through the Express Entry system, you will get a CRS score of 600, guaranteeing your selection.
If you would like to apply for Alberta PNP, there are more than enough chances for enough applicants to receive a Notification of Interest and an Invitation To Apply within a short period. Alberta is marked to be one of the best provinces in Canada, with home to some of the best cities like Edmonton and Calgary.
2) Ontario Human Capital Priorities
Ontario undoubtedly is the top destination for immigrants from and outside Canada. Ontario’s PNP offers multiple suitable streams that are most versatile for everyone. Ontario also operates a stream called French Speaking Immigrant Program for French speakers from Quebec. Ontario, home to big economic centres of Canada like Toronto, Ottawa, Hamilton, Waterloo, and many other cities.
The Ontario Human Capital Priorities is aligned with the federal Express Entry system, so you must have an active Express Entry profile to receive notifications. The minimum eligible CRS score for OHCP must be 400 and above to receive a Notification of Interest or Invitation to Apply. Ontario’s Provincial Nominee Programs mostly target skilled workers from abroad to cater to the needs of large multinational companies that are based in Ontario.
Skilled professionals like software engineers, data analysts, business accountants, and various other such professionals can try this stream.
3) Saskatchewan International Skilled Worker
Saskatchewan’s International Skilled Worker program is designed to bring in experienced workers from and outside Canada. Eligible applicants need to have a minimum experience of at least one year in jobs that are listed in the streams In-Demand Occupation List. The In-Demand Occupation List gets updated every year, either including new jobs or deducting old ones, all as per the needs of the economy.
The Saskatchewan International Skilled Worker is both aligned with the federal Express Entry program as well as the non-Express Entry program. The non-Express Entry program is called the Saskatchewan In-Demand Occupations Program, does not ask its applicants for an active Express Entry profile.
4) Nova Scotia Labour Market Priorities
The Nova Scotia Labour Market Program offers a vast number of opportunities to its potential applicants. The Nova Scotia, Labour Market Program is also aligned with Canada’s federal Express Entry program. Nova Scotia’s Provincial Nominee Program consists of two distinct categories. Category A and Category B.
The Category A of Nova Scotia Labour Market Program is for applicants with a job offer from a Canadian employer. This might come as a headache for those who are applying from outside Canada. The Category B of this program is for applicants with experience in the list of Nova Scotia’s In-Demand Occupation List. Remember, since this program is aligned with Express Entry, it is essential to have an active Express Entry system.
5) Manitoba Skilled Worker Overseas
If you have people like friends, family, relatives living in Manitoba, it can be used to your advantage to immigrate to Manitoba. This is one of the necessary eligibility to be proved. Not only friends, family, or relatives can be used to establish a connection, but also factors like your previous education in Canada, prior employment in Canada be used to establish a relationship.
It is mandatory to have prior experience in your profession (At least of a year) that is mentioned in Manitoba’s In-Demand Occupation List. Manitoba also has its assessment program, called Manitoba Points Assessment Grid. An applicant is expected to have a score of at least 60 out of 100 points to prove eligible to be given an ITA (Invitation To Apply).
The Provincial Nominee Program of Canada is one of the most innovative and liberal immigration programs in the world. The Provincial Nominee Program is designed in such a way that applicants to this program have the complete liberty to choose from a variety of streams that are abundantly available in Canada. While the applicants or immigrants as well as benefit from this program, the Canadian economy also makes use of these talents entirely for their benefit and growth.
It is a win-win situation for everyone.