Canada is one of the topmost countries chosen for immigration globally due to its acceptance of multiculturalism, support of inclusive society, is home to natural scenic beauties, and an excellent education system. The Canada Immigration process plays a vital role in economic development and in balancing the working population (25 – 64 years ) ratio in Canada.
Besides its immigrant-friendly environment, Canada provides quite a flexible and responsive immigration process for its immigrant aspirants. Recently, in the Immigration Levels plan (2020- 2022) by the federal government of Canada, it’s stated that the government has planned to welcome more than one million new permanent residents by the next three years.
The country has launched numerous immigration plans to speed up the Canadian immigration process. Although the COVID – 19 pandemic has affected this plan, the government is still looking for new immigration plans to speed up its post COVID – 19 economic recovery process.
Since the government is coming up with new immigrant-friendly policies, it’s the right time to plan for immigration to Canada. The Canadian immigration process has two paths which are either by obtaining a permanent residence visa (PR Visa) or by visiting for work-related aim with a temporary work permit/ visa. For information related to a Canadian visa, visit HERE.
Canada Immigration Process
Immigration in Canada is done by 84 paths through different programs. The topmost are as follows –
- Federal Skilled Worker
- Quebec Skilled Worker
- Provincial Nominee Program
- Family Sponsorship
- Business Immigrant
- Canadian Experience Class
- Asylum Category
- Humanitarian and Compassionate Application
- A temporary foreign worker program
- Express Entry
- Work permit
- Study permit
- Startup Visa
Federal Skilled worker
This Canadian immigration process is for applicants who want to become economically established in Canada after their arrival.
1. The applicant should hold at least one year of full-time work experience in the past 10 years in one of the 38 qualifying occupations.
2. The work experience must be skilled should satisfy either skill type 0 or skill level An B in Canada’s National occupation classification system (NOC)
3. The applicant should have received a permanent job offer from a Canadian employer and have qualified for arranged employment.
For the skilled worker category, few more eligibility criterion has been decided by the Government of Canada
1. Minimum one-year full-time job experience
2. Must have been a resident of America as a temporary foreign worker or as an international student for at least one year
3. should commit financial stability and dependability on Canada up to 6 months of arrival in Canada
4. Should pass a point-based assessment in six different sectors (education, linguistic skills, age, experience, arranged employment, and adaptability) by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada(IRCC)
5. for approval of their capability for establishing in Canada. Qualifying marks is 67 points
Other Federal Class of migration programs include –
1. Caregivers Program
2. Atlantic Immigration Pilot
3. Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot
4. Agri-food Pilot
This program is for Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot, a 5-year pilot program that allows caregivers who are qualified with their family to immigrate to Canada with permanent residence.In this Canada Immigration process, the work permits do not need to be accessed by LMIA (Labour Market Impact Assessment).
1. The applicant must have the job offer from the employee in the same field
2. The applicant needs to work in the related occupation of the program since the work limit provided is occupation restricted.
Atlantic Immigration Pilot
In this program of Canada immigration process, applicants can immigrate by graduating or working in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Foundland, Labrador.
There are three programs used by hires under Atlantic Immigration Pilot for Canada Immigration Process
1. Atlantic International Graduate Program (AIGP)
2. Atlantic High Skilled Program(AHSP)
3. Atlantic Intermediate Skilled Program(AISP)
One of the greatest benefits of this Canadian immigration process is that Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) isn’t needed. The
1. Applicant should have worked at least 1,560 in the past 3 years. Make a note that the self-employment working hours are not included in the calculation
2. Applicant should have obtained a job offer from the employee having confirmation of designation from the provincial.
3. The Job must be full-time none seasonal, permanent, and of skill type or level 0 A B n C under NOC
4. Applicant should also maintain proof of funds
5. Applicant should meet the language tests done for AIP.
6. Applicant should meet educational qualifications.
Educational qualifications include
1. A Canadian secondary, post-secondary certificate, diploma, or degree from a recognized university
2. A foreign degree, diploma, or certificate equal to Canadian Credential.
Rural or Northern Immigration Pilot
This program of Canada immigration process is for small Canadian communities who are supporting their local economy through immigration and permanent residence option is given to them.
1. Applicant should hold qualifying work experience or graduated from public-funded post-secondary college in the community they are referring for
2. Must have minimum education requirements
3. Must have minimum educational requirements
4. Should meet community-specific requirements
5. Should commit to living in that community
This is a Canadian immigration process in which applicants work in a specific Agri-food industry /occupation.
This pilot provides opportunities to experienced, nonseasonal workers of specific industry /occupation to permanent residence. This pilot will run-up to May 2023
1. Applicant should hold eligible work experience in one more specific industries /occupations.
2 Applicant should hold a non- seasonal, full-time job offer from a Canadian Employer in one of the mentioned specific occupations/industries (Excluding Quebec). The classification of eligible industries is done under the North American industry classification system (NAICS)
3. Should exceed language requirements
4. Should meet educational requirements
5. Should have settlement funds is applicable
Quebec Skilled Worker Program in Canada Immigration Process.
To stay in Quebec through the Canada immigration process, the Quebec province has its criterion for skilled workers that aren’t under (IRCC).
Quebec Immigration Process
For the Quebec migration process, the applicant needs to apply in 2 stages
1 Applying to the government of Canada for Quebec selection certificate
2After receiving the certificate from the province of Quebec, apply for Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship., Canada for permanent residence (IRCC).
After receiving Quebec selection certificate Applicant should submit the complete permanent residence applicant with all the other formalities including police certificates to the Centralized Intake Office (CIO) in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. An IRCC officer looks after the application.
1)Among the Canada Immigration process, Quebec province has its creation of selection through tests. The test is point based on 10 different factors.
2) These Factors include Training, employment offer with validity, experience, age, linguistic skills, stay and family in Quebec, spouse character, children, financial stability, and adaptability
3) a single applicant should attain at least 60 in the test.
4) For an applicant with a spouse or other in law campaign, the qualifying marks is 68 to earn the Quebec selection certificate
5) An applicant should hold the Quebec selection certificate given by the province of Quebec before applying for permanent residency.
Provincial Nomination Program (PNP)
This program in Canada Immigration process consists of a partnership between the Canadian government and the provincial government to select potential applicants who can contribute to the growth of the labor market in Canada. This process requires less time than a few other Canadian immigration processes.
Provincial shortlists applicants who contribute to provincial development. The nomination is done by 2 paths
Nomination under Express entry for PNP
For this program, the provincial nominee needs to get selected through an express entry profile.
Nomination under Non – Express Entry for PNP
For this program, the provincial nominee should meet all the eligibility criterion the province or territory has made for the non-express entry stream
1. The applicant must get nominated under this stream by the province /territory
Provincial participating in PNP are
2. British Columbia
4. New Brunswick
5. Newfoundland and Labrador
6. Nova Scotia
8. Prince Edward Island
Family Class Sponsorship
This program of Canada Immigration process is for Canadian citizens and permanent residents of above 18 years to sponsor family members like spouse, parents, grandparents, In-laws, children, and other relatives to Canada.
1. Sponsor should ensure to provide financial stability to sponsored members on their arrival in Canada.
2. Sponsor should physically reside in Canada
Eligibility Criterion for family members
1. Spouse or common in law partners and Parents.
2. Dependent children under 22 years with a physical disability or substantially depend on financial support
3. Orphaned children under 18 years for adoptability
4. Relative of any age if no family members or other not. listed above
This program is for business associated applicants who can invest in the Canadian economy with their business skills and would provide financial resources and employment opportunities in Canada. Check here the list of top business companies in Australia. In this Canada Immigration process, applicants need to apply under any three categories which pay a different contribution to the economy.
1. Immigrant Investor Program
2. Entrepreneur Program
3. Program for self-employed Individuals
Immigrant Investor Program
This program of Canada Immigration Process is for experienced business people who can substantially invest in the economy with their high net worth
1. Applicants should establish a net worth of legal CAD 800000
2. Investment of CAD 400000 which the government returns after 5 years of investment without any interest.
3Must have to manage a qualifying business defined by Canadian immigration authorities
It’s for immigrants who plan to their hand on the role in Canada economy Net worth investment requirements include CAD 300000.
1. Applicant should Commit to management and owning of one 1/3 of Canadian business within 3 years of landing in the Canada Immigration process application.
Program for Self Employed Individuals
This program for the Canada Immigration procs is for applicants willing to support the economy with self-employment in Canada.
Applicant should justify the net worth, experience, and qualification in the field of business they are applying for
Canadian Experience Class
This program of Canada Immigration process is for foreign students and temporary workers already residing in Canada and want permanent residency
There are two eligibility criterion for the applicants
For international graduates with work experience in Canada
1. The applicant should have completed 2 academic years in a program of study at a Canadian college.
2. The applicant should have obtained at least one year of technical /professional/skilled work experience within 24 months of the application date.
3. The applicant must have strong proficient language skills.
For temporary foreign workers
1. The applicant should have obtained at least 2 years of skilled, technical, or professional work experience within 36 months of application date.
2. The applicant must have proficient language skills.
3. For workers not working more in Canada should apply for the application within 1 year of resigning from the job in Canada.
Asylum Refugee Claims
This program is for asylum refugees who don’t feel safe in their own country due to a violation of their human rights. Its either run by government authorities or by Canadian resident’s organizations.
Where to Apply?
Applicants can apply for a Refugee claim at the port of entry or an inland CBSA or Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) office.
Humanitarian and Compassionate Application
This Canada Immigration process involves permanent residence applications applied by people who don’t have legal status in Canada but want to become its a legal citizen.
Applicants should meet some of the below eligibility criteria
1) should be settled in Canada
2) should have family relations with Canada residents or permanent residents
3) employed in Canada .work permit isn’t necessary got this
4) completed education in Canada
5) Have done some volunteering work in Canada
6) proficiencies in French or English
7) Should own financial savings and property in Canada
8) Established social ties with communities in Canada and community
Temporary Foreign Worker Program
This program is for individuals who want to visit Canada for work.
1. The applicant must apply for a temporary work permit must have an official work offer from the Canadian Employee
2. The employee should have obtained labor Market opinion from human resources and social development, Canada
Express Entry Program
The express entry program is the fastest among the Canada immigration process. In this program, the immigrants are allowed to live and work as a skilled worker.
This program was introduced in 2015, and it allows the IRCC to recruit and select the immigrants who hold the relevant skills and qualifications under Federal Economic Immigration.
1. Federal skilled worker program
2. Federal skilled trade program
3. The Canadian experience class
Program For Work Permits
This Program of Canada Immigration process, allows the applicant to work in Canada with a time limit.
Applicant should commit to leaving Canada after the expiration of the work permit
Applicant should commit to being financially dependent on themselves for their and their companion’s financial needs
Applicant should commit to obey the laws of Canada and shouldn’t prove as a threat to the society
The applicant should maintain good health and have to go for medical tests whenever needed.
Applicant should not plan to work with employers having ineligible status in the list of employers who failed to comply with the conditions
Program for Study Permits
This program allows the applicants to study at approved institutions through approved scholarships with future possibilities of working after or during study years and hence this Canada Immigration process provides further options for transition to permanent residence. To know more about scholarship programs, click here.
- Applicants must be enrolled in a designated learning institution. (DLI)
- Applicant should be able to support themselves financially and should be able to pay tuition fees
- The applicant should commit to leaving Canada after the expiration of the Study permit.
This Canada immigration process is for applicants who want to start a new business in Canada and want to contribute to employment generation and supporting the entrepreneurs.
1. The applicant needs strong innovative and business skills to compete in the global market
2. The Applicant should have qualifying business
3. The applicant should have obtained a letter of support from a designated organization
4. The applicant should meet the proficient language skill requirement
5. The applicant should have achieved the minimum Canadian benchmark in English /French
Steps involved in the Canada immigration process
Come to Canada Tool
Come to Canada tool is designed for checking eligibility, the status of the Canada Immigration process. The tool involves a few question and answer sessions to let an applicant know about their eligibility, whole migration process, the cost involved, and other related information about the Canada immigration process
The Application process for Canada Immigration
1. Check your eligibility from government tools
2. Get done with language proficiency test like IELTS
3. Get IELTS certification submission done
4. Assessment of educational records through educational credential assessment
5. Obtain your application code through the national occupation classification list of Canada
6. Filling the government of Canada forms for initiation of the Canada Immigration process. The form will be computer generated in case of business class and economic class applicants for express entry an online profile of the applicant. In that case, create an express entry profile
7. Arrange the documents needed for the application.
8. Receive Invitation to apply by IRRC Within 60 days of receiving the ITA apply for visa application. Get detailed information about visa obtaining process, here
9. Submit medical and PCC test reports
10. Get your visa stamped.
Documents Required for Canada Immigration Process
• The medical certificate
• Criminal Record check related documents
• IELTS score
• Educational qualification assessment by IRCC accredited agency
• Work experience, related document
• Reference letter
• Birth certificate
• Travel experience related certificate
• Financial history related documents
The Canada Immigration process isn’t as complicated as it seems to be. All it needs is proper guidance and the availability of adequate sources to realize your dream of residing peacefully in Canada.